Archive for June, 2010

UNPARDONABLE ASSAULT ON DEMOCRACY

June 26, 2010
No

It will always remain a matter of dispute among students of Indian political history as to whether the Emergency clamped on the country in 1975 was on June 25 or on June 26. Fact is that the President signed the Emergency Proclamation late night on June 25. But the Cabinet was informed about this only at 6.00 AM on June 26. The country came to know about it from Prime Minister Indira Gandhi herself on June 26 in an All India Radio broadcast made at 8.00 A.M. In an earlier blog I have quoted from a book by a senior official in the Prime Minister’s Office Bishan Tandon. About the events of those crucial days there cannot be a more authentic record than this book titled PMO DIARY. The Foreword to this book has been written by renowned British constitutional pundit Granville Austin. Austin writes : “This insider’s account of … Continue reading UNPARDONABLE ASSAULT ON DEMOCRACY

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लोकतंत्र पर अक्षम्य हमला

June 26, 2010
No

भारतीय राजनीतिक इतिहास के विद्यार्थियों में यह सदैव विवाद का विषय रहेगा कि देश में आपातकाल 1975 की 25 जून या 26 जून में से कब लागू किया गया। तथ्य यह है कि राष्ट्रपति ने आपातकाल सम्बन्धी उद्धोषणा पर 25 जून की देर रात्रि को हस्ताक्षर किए। लेकिन इसके बारे में केबिनेट को 26 जून को सुबह 6 बजे सूचित किया गया। देश को इस बारे में 26 जून को प्रात: 8 बजे आल इण्डिया रेडियो पर स्वयं इंदिरा गांधी के प्रसारण से पता चला। पूर्व के अपने एक ब्लॉग में मैने प्रधानमंत्री कार्यालय के एक वरिष्ठ अधिकारी बिशन टंडन की पुस्तक से कुछ उठ्ठत किया था। उन महत्वपूर्ण दिनों की घटनाओं के बारे में इस पुस्तक ‘पी0एम0ओ0 डायरी’ से ज्यादा अधिकृत रिकार्ड और कुछ और नहीं हो सकता। इस पुस्तक की प्रस्तावना सुविख्यात ब्रिटिश संवैधानिक विशेषज्ञ ग्रानविले ऑस्टिन ने लिखी है। ऑस्टिन लिखते हैं: ”घटनाओं के अंदरुनी ब्यौरों के … Continue reading लोकतंत्र पर अक्षम्य हमला

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INDIA MUST NOT FORGET JUNE 25, 1975

June 25, 2010
No

I was a college student when I had first read William Shirer’s ‘The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich’ about Nazi Germany. Shortly after the imposition of the Emergency in June 1975, I happened to lay my hands on an old copy of this famous book. It prompted me to write a pamphlet for our Anti- emergency movement’s underground activists, titled “A Tale of Two Emergencies”. The pamphlet was circulated not only among our own people but also among delegates who had come for the Commonwealth Parliamentary Conference held in New Delhi that year. Today, on June 25, I feel it would be worthwhile reproducing some essential parts of this pamphlet here : A TALE OF TWO EMERGENCIES [Written in Bangalore Central Jail some time in September, 1975] William Shirer’s ‘The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich’ is regarded as a monumental, definitive work on the history of … Continue reading INDIA MUST NOT FORGET JUNE 25, 1975

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