In 2013 the Planning Commission did an Evaluation Study on a countrywide campaign undertaken for Total Sanitation. This study covered 11519 house-holds across 27 states which meant quite a comprehensive survey. One of the most shocking conclusions drawn by this survey was that 72.63 per cent of all rural households practice ‘open defecation’ – which means that they relieve themselves behind the bushes, on railway tracks, wherever they feel is fine.
Hindol Sengupta’s book on the basis of which I wrote my last blog has commented :
“How does it help if people are shitting in toilets rather than under the fine open skies listening to birds chirping? The survey has an answer.